While “Public Order” and “Police” are State subjects, “internal security” is the responsibility of the Central Government. Therefore, in order to regulate the functioning of the private security agencies, the Government of India, Ministry of Home Affairs enacted the Private Security Agencies (Regulation) Act, 2005 (PSAR Act). The Act came into force on 15.03.2006. The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has notified the following model rules under the Act:
Private Security Agencies Central Model Rules, 2020 (in supersession of earlier model rules of 2006).
Private Security Agencies (Private Security to Cash Transportation Activities) Rules, 2018 to regulate the private security services provided to cash transportation activities
Adopting the model rules, the State/UT Governments have framed their own rules in terms of Section 25 of the PSAR Act, 2005.
With the variations in states' policies and manual/system-based procedures being followed by the Controlling Authorities for the issue of PSARA licenses across the country, it had become necessary to define same standards for these documents on a pan-India level to ensure correctness and timely availability of information. The Ministry took initiative towards having in place uniform standardized software across the country. The Ministry thus entrusted National Informatics Centre (N.I.C.) with the task of standardizing & deploying a software – ‘Private Security Agency Licensing Portal’ for the issue of PSARA licence in States/UTs and of compiling the State/UT-wise data with regard to the registered private security agencies along with their licence details in a register. The application developed has been conceptualized to capture the functionalities as mandated by the PSAR Act, 2005 as well as State PSARA Rules with customization in the core product to suit the requirements of all the States and UTs.